Environmental ethics: a case for nature and man? This article outlines three approaches to the relationship between man and the environment. An anthropocentric environmental ethics of dominion over and exploitation of the environment is contrasted to a nature-centred environmental ethics that reduces man's interests to that of nature. The alternative to an anthropocentric ethos, with its slogan of ‘man/mind over nature/matter’, is however, not to be found in an ecocentric ethos defending the opposite case of subordinating man and his cultural values to the holiness of environment. A third approach can be called the ethos of responsible stewardship attempting to reconcile the interests of human society with that of the environment. Some implications of the theses 'man is a steward, not the owner of the earth’ and ‘man is an irreducible complement to, not an extension of the earth’ and ‘natural things also have a moral dimension’ are investigated. This investigation results in a broadening of the boundaries of morality for the benefit to the environment. To reconcile the interests of man and nature, the new ethics will i.a. have to extend man's responsibility beyond his fellowmen and his societal institutions to his fellow creatures. Without man, nature’s inherent identity cannot be detected and nurtured but without nature, man cannot become a moral being.
- Ownership of copyright in terms of the Work remains with the authors.
- The authors retain the non-exclusive right to do anything they wish with the Work, provided attribution is given to the place and detail of original publication, as set out in the official citation of the Work published in the journal. The retained right specifically includes the right to post the Work on the authors’ or their institutions’ websites or institutional repository.
Publication and user license
- The authors grant the title owner and the publisher an irrevocable license and first right and perpetual subsequent right to (a) publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the Work in any form/medium, (b) to translate the Work into other languages, create adaptations, summaries or extracts of the Work or other derivative works based on the Work and exercise all of the rights set forth in (a) above in such translations, adaptations, summaries, extracts and derivative works, (c) to license others to do any or all of the above, and (d) to register the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for the Definitive Work.
- The authors acknowledge and accept the user licence under which the Work will be published as set out in https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ (Creative Commons Attribution License South Africa)
- The undersigned warrant that they have the authority to license these publication rights and that no portion of the copyright to the Work has been assigned or licensed previously to any other party.
Disclaimer: The publisher, editors and title owner accept no responsibility for any statement made or opinion expressed by any other person in this Work. Consequently, they will not be liable for any loss or damage sustained by any reader as a result of his or her action upon any statement or opinion in this Work.
In cases where a manuscript is NOT accepted for publication by the editorial board, the portions of this agreement regarding the publishing licensing shall be null and void and the authors will be free to submit this manuscript to any other publication for first publication.
Our copyright policies are author-friendly and protect the rights of our authors and publishing partners.