Publication Ethics

This page contains all necessary information regarding ethical considerations for Koers Journal.

Ethical commitment of the Editor

Koers endorses the International Standards for editors as stipulated by the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE). For a full version of these ethics, please refer to the document titled "International Standards for Editors."



  • The editor is accountable and should take responsibility for everything he/she publishes.
  • The editor should make fair and unbiased decisions independent of commercial considerations and ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process.
  • The editor should adopt editorial policies that encourage maximum transparency and complete, honest reporting.
  • The editor should protect the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.
  • The editor should investigate and deal appropriately with reviewer and editorial misconduct.
  • The editor should critically assess the ethical conduct of studies in humans and animals.
  • Peer reviewers and authors should be told what is expected of them.
  • The editor should have appropriate policies in place for handling editorial conflicts of interest. 

Ethical considerations applicable to Authors

Koers also endorses the International Standards for authors as stipulated by COPE. For a full version of these ethics, please refer to the document titled "International Standards for Authors."



  • The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.
  • Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
  • Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
  • Researchers should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarised, and has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
  • Authors should take appropriate individual and collective responsibility for submitted and published work.
  • The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.
  • Funding sources and possible instances of conflict of interest should be disclosed.

Ethical considerations applicable to Reviewers

Koers also endorses the Ethical Guidelines for peer reviewers as stipulated by COPE. For a full version of these ethics, please refer to the document titled "COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers."


Peer reviewers should:

  • only agree to review manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise required to carry out a proper assessment and which they can assess in a timely manner;
  • respect the confidentiality of the peer reviewing process and not reveal any details of a manuscript or its review, during or after the peer-review process, beyond those that are released by the journal;
  • not use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others;
  • declare all potential conflicting interests, seeking advice from the journal if they are unsure as to whether something constitutes a relevant interest;
  • not allow their reviews to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations;
  • be objective and constructive in their reviews, refraining from being hostile or inflammatory and from making libellous or derogatory personal comments;
  • acknowledge that the peer review process is largely a reciprocal endeavour and that the should undertake to carry out their fair share of reviewing fairly and in a timely manner;
  • provide journals with personal and professional information that is accurate and a true representation of their expertise; and
  • recognize that impersonation of another individual during the review process is considered serious misconduct.


The Editor of Koers reserves the right to submit any manuscript which is considered for publication in the Koers Journal for a plagiarism evaluation. Turnitin is the system of choice for the North-West University and could be used to determine whether any further investigation should be done regarding possible plagiarism.  Authors will be informed of the outcome of the assessment should it be deemed necessary to submit the article to the assessment process.